• Coronavirus/COVID 19

     

    What you need to know

    • Anyone can have mild to severe symptoms.
    • Older adults and people who have severe underlying medical conditionslike heart or lung disease or diabetes seem to be at higher risk for developing more serious complications from COVID-19 illness.

    Watch for symptoms

    People with COVID-19 have had a wide range of symptoms reported – ranging from mild symptoms to severe illness. Symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure to the virus. People with these symptoms may have COVID-19:

    • Fever or chills
    • Cough
    • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
    • Fatigue
    • Muscle or body aches
    • Headache
    • New loss of taste or smell
    • Sore throat
    • Congestion or runny nose
    • Nausea or vomiting
    • Diarrhea

    This list does not include all possible symptoms. CDC will continue to update this list as they learn more about COVID-19.

    When to seek emergency medical attention-

    Look for emergency warning signs* for COVID-19. If someone is showing any of these signs, seek emergency medical care immediately:

    • Trouble breathing
    • Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
    • New confusion
    • Inability to wake or stay awake
    • Bluish lips or face

    *This list is not all possible symptoms. Please call your medical provider for any other symptoms that are severe or concerning to you.

    Call 911 or call ahead to your local emergency facility: Notify the operator that you are seeking care for someone who has or may have COVID-19.

    Know how it spreads

    • There is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
    • The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus.
    • The virus is thought to spread mainly from person-to-person.
      • Between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet).
      • Through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes or talks.
      • These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs.
      • Some recent studies have suggested that COVID-19 may be spread by people who are not showing symptoms.

     

     

    Wash your hands often

    • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
    • It’s especially important to wash:
      • Before eating or preparing food
      • Before touching your face
      • After using the restroom
      • After leaving a public place
      • After blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing
      • After handling your mask
      • After changing a diaper
      • After caring for someone sick
      • After touching animals or pets
    • If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry.
    • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.

     

    Avoid close contact

    • Inside your home: Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
      • If possible, maintain 6 feet between the person who is sick and other household members.
    • Outside your home: Put 6 feet of distance between yourself and people who don’t live in your household.
      • Remember that some people without symptoms may be able to spread virus.
      • Stay at least 6 feet (2 arms' length) away from other people.
      • Keeping distance from others is especially important for people who are at higher risk of getting very sick.

     

    Cover your mouth and nose with a mask when around others

    • You could spread COVID-19 to others even if you do not feel sick.
    • The mask is meant to protect other people in case you are infected.
    • Everyone should wear a mask in public settings and when around people who don’t live in your household, especially when other social distancing measures are difficult to maintain.
      • Masks should not be placed on young children under age 2, anyone who has trouble breathing, or is unconscious, incapacitated or otherwise unable to remove the mask without assistance.
    • Do NOT use a mask meant for a healthcare worker. Currently, surgical masks and N95 respirators are critical supplies that should be reserved for healthcare workers and other first responders.
    • Continue to keep about 6 feet between yourself and others. The mask is not a substitute for social distancing.

     

    Cover coughs and sneezes

    • Always cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze or use the inside of your elbow and do not spit.
    • Throw used tissues in the trash.
    • Immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not readily available, clean your hands with a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.

     

    Clean and disinfect

    • Clean AND disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks.
    • If surfaces are dirty, clean them. Use detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection.
    • Then, use a household disinfectant.  head side medical light icon

    Monitor Your Health Daily

    • Be alert for symptoms. Watch for fever, cough, shortness of breath, or other symptoms of COVID-19.
      • Especially important if you are running essential errands, going into the office or workplace, and in settings where it may be difficult to keep a physical distance of six feet.
    • Take your temperature if symptoms develop.
      • Don’t take your temperature within 30 minutes of exercising or after taking medications that could lower your temperature, like acetaminophen.
    • Follow CDC guidance if symptoms develop.

     

    Masks are an additional step to help slow the spread of COVID-19 when combined with everyday preventative actions and social distancing in public settings.

    • CDC recommends that people wear masks in public and when around people who don’t live in your household.
    • Masks should NOT be worn by children under age 2 or anyone who has trouble breathing, is unconscious, incapacitated, or otherwise unable to remove the mask without assistance.
    • Do NOT use a mask meant for a healthcare worker. Currently, surgical masks and N95 respirators are critical supplies that should be reserved for healthcare workers and other first responders.

    Wear your Mask Correctly

    • Wash your hands before putting on your mask
    • Put it over your nose and mouth and secure it under your chin
    • Try to fit it snugly against the sides of your face
    • Make sure you can breathe easily
    • CDC does not recommend use of masks or cloth masks for source control if they have an exhalation valve or vent

     

     Wear a Mask to Protect Others

    • Wear a mask that covers your nose and mouth to help protect others in case you’re infected with COVID-19 but don’t have symptoms
    • Wear a mask in public settings when around people who don’t live in your household, especially when it may be difficult for you to stay six feet apart
    • Wear a mask correctly for maximum protection
    • Don’t put the mask around your neck or up on your forehead
    • Don’t touch the mask, and, if you do, wash your hands or use hand sanitizer to disinfect​

    Follow Everyday Health Habits

    • Stay at least 6 feet away from others
    • Avoid contact with people who are sick
    • Wash your hands often, with soap and water, for at least 20 seconds each time
    • Use hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available

     

    Take Off Your Mask Carefully, When You’re Home

    • Untie the strings behind your head or stretch the ear loops
    • Handle only by the ear loops or ties
    • Fold outside corners together

    Place mask in the washing machine

    • Be careful not to touch your eyes, nose, and mouth when removing and wash hands immediately after removing.

     

     

    More information can be found on www.cdc.gov